Scholarly Research

Google Scholar | PubMed

Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across publishing formats and disciplines.

Tips for Using the Internet for Academic Research

Like anything else, using the internet for academic research takes time and patience. There are plenty of useful tools for you to use when researching your next scholarly paper.

Conducting Academic Research Online

Searching by Subject

If you’re studying at a university, the campus library will likely catalog online information in journals by subject. If your library is lacking, there are many other websites appropriate for academic research. The best databases include:

  • HathiTrust Digital Library: This online library has digitized and preserved thousands of important texts from library collections around the world. It has more than 10 million volumes of texts, making it one of the largest online library databases available to the public.
  • STOR: JSTOR provides scholarly content across a wide range of disciplines. You may be able to access JSTOR if your school is already partnered with them; if not, the site has other options for individuals to peruse their archives for free or, if you need greater access, for $19.50 per month.
  • Elsevier: Elsevier offers free and low-cost access to scientific and medical journals. This resource offers thousands of eBooks, but you can also purchase hard copies of textbooks, journals, and more.
  • CORE: CORE aggregates data from research publications in over 66 million articles available through the site. Users have free access to important content and can perform searches based on keyword, publication type, year, journal, repository, and author.

Searching by Keyword

Very specific topics are more likely to crop up with a keyword research rather than a subject search. Keep in mind that there are no standard conventions for keyword research, so your topic could be nestled under variant forms of one word. Start with your favorite search engine—Google is the most popular—and think of synonyms or phrases related to your topic. Here are a few tips for conducting keyword research:

  • Enclose your phrase in quotation marks to phrase search for words you want to appear together.
  • Narrow down a search by adding more keywords to specify your topic.
  • Use a minus sign in front of a word that you don’t want to appear in your search results. This will also narrow down your search results.
  • If you use “OR” to join two words, Google will return results for either word. For example, searching for “sad OR depressed” will return results that are relevant to either “sad” or “depressed.”

The Limits of the Internet

The Internet is undoubtedly the tool of choice for most students conducting research; however, even the Internet has limitations.

  • Many advanced research topics aren’t available on the Internet. Your best bet may be to find books and manuscripts written by knowledgeable people on your chosen topic.
  • Information on the Internet is capricious and subject to constant change. Websites and information can be altered or removed entirely. If you do find copious information on your topic, make sure the information is reliable and current.

sportsmanship doesn't exclude women - Google Search't+exclude+women

NOTE: The headline is a search phrase, not an opinion. This search is investigating how people view, interpret or react to the word "sportsmanship". In order to avoid being insensitive regarding using a word that might be perceived as NOT gender neutral, here is some research on using "sportsmanship". Also here is the thesaurus entry for "sportsmanship".

This search provided helpful results for the issue of gender neutrality. Initially there doesn't seem to be a good synonym alternative to "sportsmanship"; however the third search result (a reddit result) was not about the word "sportsmanship" … it was about the topic of sportsmanship. The fourth search result (also a reddit result) discusses alternatives to "sportsmanship". Sports integrity is considered as possibly a useful alternative, but sports integrity would not practically offer the full understanding of "sportsmanship" in real world uses..

Consider also the search



Women and Sports: CQR
Mar 6, 1992 - But the male-dominated world of athletics doesn't yet offer a level ..... The ancient Greeks didn't just exclude women from Olympic competition. ...... in conjunction with NationalSportsmanship Day Program on, April 24, 1991.

Is there a good alternative to the term "sportsmanship ...
Aug 20, 2016 - 8 posts - ‎6 authors
I'm not sure what to do with the word "sportsmanship." The usage is not being applied to an individual, but instead referring to ethical principles, ...

Criticism of sportsmanship in male vs. female athletes ...
Aug 8, 2012 - 14 posts - ‎10 authors
She doesn't cry until she's down from the medals podium and in private ... that the level ofsportsmanship was so much better than the "females.

Girls, Sports and Sportsmanship - The New York Times
May 7, 2008 - I think that these women are to be commended for rising to the challenge of .... It's much better than nothing but doesn't involve teamwork and ...
Missing: exclude ‎| ‎Must include: ‎exclude

Five Reasons Good Sportsmanship Matters - TheSeason
May 29, 2018 - Sportsmanship isn't just a concept, practicing it can have real impact on ... as it doesn't affect me" to total outrage that grown men and women, ...
Missing: exclude ‎| ‎Must include: ‎exclude

Sexism: Does arguing about whether words like 'sportsmanship' are ...
But that doesn't mean that gender neutral language isn't important. ... Because for most people (men and women) words like "sportsmanship" buzz ... Bottom line: Language affects how we think about things and unless you've felt excluded, …

How to Teach Your Child Good Sportsmanship | HealthyWomen
Good sportsmanship is when teammates, opponents, coaches and officials ... No one wants to be on a team with someone who gets angry when he doesn't win.

does aloe plant need sun - Google Search

The consensus is Aloe Vera plants need a lot of light, but not too much burning high noon type sunlight.

Does an Aloe Vera Plant Go In Full Sun or Shade? | Home Guides | SF ... › Garden › Gardening
Nov 28, 2018 - Six to eight hours of direct sun is best, although most aloe vera plants will tolerate some light shade or filtered sun at midday. A south- or west-facing outdoor area and slightly sandy soil provide ideal conditions for growing aloe vera, whether in a pot or in the ground.

A commenter in the article claimed that an indoor-situated aloe plant was killed with too much direct sunlight.One commenter also claimed some incorrect information is contained in the article: "Not all of Africa is open direct sunlight, not all aloe species are native to Africa"  Checking by … According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families the Aloe plant is from the Southwest Arabian Peninsula. According to the African Plant Database, aloe is "naturalised-introduced" to North Africa (Mauritania, Morocco, Canary Isl., Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Madeira) and Tropical Africa Area (EPFAT Area, country-based, south of the Sahara, excluding South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Malagasy Republic.

Best result for this search was probably The Old Farmer's Almanac: "Place (aloe) in bright, indirect sunlight or artificial light. A western or southern window is ideal. Aloe that are kept in low light often grow leggy."


Let the Sun Shine! How Much Light Does My Aloe Really Need? › Aloe Plant Care
Jan 31, 2014 - Light is an important part of any plant's growth, as it gives it nutrients and energy. Aloe light requirements are therefore key to raising a healthy …

Aloe Vera: How to Care for Aloe Vera Plants | The Old Farmer's Almanac
Water sparingly, letting the top 1–2 inches of soil dry out before watering again. ... as my aloe veraplants get bigger do I need to put them in a bigger pot or are …

Absolute Beginner's Guide to Growing Your Own Aloe Vera › ... › Plants for Health › Growing Your Own
Feb 25, 2016 - First, decide where you will be growing your aloe vera. Whether indoors or outdoors, it is imperative that you choose a place where your plant will receive plenty of light. ... If the plant is to be grown indoors, make sure the plant will receive enough indirect sunlight; south or west-facing windows are ideal.

Will Your Aloe Vera Plant Grow Indoors |
Will Your Aloe Vera Plant Grow Indoors. ... It is important to note that Aloe Vera plants do not survive in the extreme climate zones, such as ice cold Alaska, or sun starved areas of the desert. If you live in an area without much sunlight, you will need to supplement the plant with artificial light.

2 Ways I Made My Aloe Vera A Whole Lot Happier - | - Joy Us garden
an aloe vera plant in a painted purple & green pot sits at the base of. Spoiler alert: I repotted & moved it out of the strong sun. I love my Aloe ... Here's the Aloe vera & the pot before the re-do. You can see all ... Here's something you need to know: the leaves of the Aloe Vera will turn orange if they get sunburned. I'm sure the ...

what company make (sic) Hepatitis A vaccine - Google Search

This search discovered in the first result that Merck & Co., Inc. makes VAQTA® (Hepatitis A Vaccine, Inactivated). However, this is a pediatric vaccine. There is reference to another vaccine by GlaxoSmithKline known as Havrix in the MerckVaccines page referred.  The third-ranked search result refers to a CDC listing of vaccines of all types. The Hepatitis A vaccines listed are …

Vaqta® (for pediatric patients)
Twinrix® (for Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B)

Havrix® is made by GlaxoSmithKline
Vaqta® is made by Merck & Co.
Twinrix® is made by GlaxoSmithKline

This search appears to have discovered the intended results, but was not straightforward on all of the top-ranked referrals.


Official Site for VAQTA® (Hepatitis A Vaccine, Inactivated)
VAQTA is indicated for the prevention of disease caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV) in persons 12 months of age and older. The primary dose should be given at least 2 weeks prior to expected exposure to HAV.

Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations: Why You Need Them - WebMD
For the hepatitis A vaccine: You should get two doses, given as shots, 6 months apart for complete protection. The virus in the vaccine is killed (inactive).

Hepatitis A Information - Diseases and Vaccines - NVIC
According to the vaccine manufacturers and the CDC, certain persons should not get hepatitis A vaccine, or should postpone getting it. Those persons are:.

U.S. Vaccine Names | CDC
Dec 11, 2017 - U.S. vaccines that can be sorted by vaccine name, abbreviation, trade name, or manufacturer.

Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for the Public | Division of Viral ...
Nov 9, 2018 - The hepatitis A vaccine is safe and effective and given as 2 shots, 6 months apart. Both shots are needed for long-term protection. The hepatitis A vaccine also comes in a combination form, containing both hepatitis A and B vaccine, that can be given to anyone 18 years of age and older.
‎What is the difference ... · ‎How is the hepatitis A ... · ‎Is the hepatitis A vaccine safe?

Hepatitis A Vaccination | What You Need to Know | CDC
Jump to Who Should Not be Vaccinated? - Who should not be vaccinated with Hepatitis A vaccine? ... Excerpt from Vaccine Information Statement …

Vaccine - WHO | Hepatitis A
Inactivated hepatitis A vaccines are safe and highly effective. Traditionally, a two-dose schedule is recommended, particularly in travellers at substantial risk of ...

Notice there is a mistake in the way the search was entered: "what company make Hepatitis A vaccine" instead of "what company makes Hepatitis A vaccine" ... the more proper search resulted in similar but not exact results after a 7 days.

how long does hepatitis a live outside the body - Google Search

According to the CDC (first search result below), the hepatitis A virus is able to survive outside the body for months. High temperatures, such as boiling or cooking food or liquids for at least 1 minute at 185°F (85°C), kill the virus, although freezing temperatures do not. The information was not sourced. The WebMD search result below provided similar information, but no sources. The result, which ranked the 5th result, did not mention the virus surviving outside the body at all. This was not a successful search because no scientific sources were provided with the published information retrieved by the search result.


Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for the Public | Division of Viral ...

Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for the Public | Division of Viral ...
Nov 9, 2018 - The hepatitis A virus is able to survive outside the body for months. High temperatures, such as boiling or cooking food or liquids for at least 1 minute at 185°F (85°C), kill the virus, although freezing temperatures do not.
‎Hepatitis A · ‎Hepatitis A In-Short · ‎Travelers · ‎Vaccines: VPD-VAC/HepA …

Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for Health Professionals | Division ...
Nov 9, 2018 - How is the hepatitis A virus (HAV) killed? In contaminated food, HAV is killed when exposed to temperatures of >185 degrees F (>85 degrees C) for 1 minute. However, the virus can still be spread from cooked food that is contaminated after cooking. Freezing does not inactivate HAV.
‎Skip directly to search · ‎Who should be vaccinated ... · ‎How long does protection …

How Long Can Hepatitis Viruses Live Outside the Body? › Health A-Z › Hepatitis
Dec 2, 2018 - The hepatitis C virus (HCV) can live outside of your body for up to four days. However, many experts think the virus typically survives for up to 16 hours at room temperature.

[PDF]Hepatitis A: Questions and Answers - Immunization Action Coalition
Hepatitis A virus is spread from person to person by putting something in ... How long does it take to show signs of illness after coming in ... acquired outside the United States by adult travel- ers. ....body fluids enter another person's bloodstream. • Hepatitis B ... An individual without permanent housing may live on the street …

How long can hepatitis A survive outside of the body? - WebMD
the hepatitis a virus is strong and can survive outside the body for months. it can even make it through freezing temperatures, but you may be able to kill it by …

How long does hepatitis C live outside the body? - Medical News Today
Dec 17, 2017 - In this article, we take a look at how long the hepatitis C virus can survive outside the body, and how this impacts on transmission risks.

hepatitis a and marijuana - Google Search

While researching information about hepatitis A transmission and infection, marijuana use was listed alongside drug use by injection or non-injection. The study evoked the question of how marijuana use might cause hepatitis A virus (HAV) transmission or infection. Although there doesn't appear to be volumes of information supporting the connection of marijuana use and hepatitis A, there is a study (first search result below) that reports evidence of samples of cannabis being contaminated with HAV when an HAV patient with no known risk factors was discovered to have DNA sequence samples of HAV from his serum that matched the DNA sequence from a viral elution of fresh cannabis leaves from a batch that the man consumed. The association was not concluded with certainty, but the association was strong.


Hepatitis A virus infection associated with cannabis use. - NCBI
by C Sikora - ‎2017 - ‎Related articles
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2017 Nov 2;43(11):245-246. eCollection 2017 Nov 2. Hepatitis A virus infection associated with cannabis use. Sikora C(1)(2), Tipples …

Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Hepatitis A Among Drug Abusers
In several areas, cases have occurred among people who only smoked marijuana. Outbreaks in upstate New York and northern California and data from the …

Information for Consumers - Hepatitis A
Information for Consumers - Hepatitis A. ... Hepatitis A is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). ... Ending the Epidemic · Learn About the Dangers of "Synthetic Marijuana" · Medicaid Redesign · Medical Marijuana Program …

Hepatitis or Pot? Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome - Hep
Jun 25, 2018 - Sometimes hepatitis symptoms may have other causes. If you are a regular marijuanauser, you may find this interesting.

My insurance denied hepatitis C treatment because I tested positive ...
Dec 11, 2018 - A look at the laws, science and ethics regarding denial of hepatitis C treatment after testing positive for marijuana use.

Chronic Hepatitis B | Health Navigator NZ
Find out more about what are the causes of chronic hepatitis B, what are its symptoms and ... Heavycannabis use is associated with increased liver scarring.

Medical Marijuana and Viral Hepatitis - Marijuana Doctors › Treatable Conditions
Many people wonder if medical cannabis can offer viral hepatitis patients hope, and research suggests it can. Not only can using medical marijuana for viral ...